Microphones

Robin Shoaps, March 2007

Microphones

At minimum you’ll need both a camera mounted mic and possibly wireless lapel
mics for video recording.

Wireless mics require two separate pieces of equipment. First, you need an amp that
plugs directly into your recording device. This receives the signal from the mics. The mics
(lapel or handheld) have a chip or attachment that sends a signal to the receiver. So
wireless lapels are not as small as the wired ones and generally also require their own
battery power (and they actually have wires leading from the mic to attachment, though
not to recording device. Most higher end handheld mics allow you to screw a signaler
onto the end, converting them into wireless. Dedicate some mics for video. For audio,
plan on getting one multipurpose (T-mic) for each recorder, plus one shotgun, one set of
lapels and a cardiod mic for special applications. In general, good lapel mics are better
than T-mics, but they require more skill in placement—often hard to work out when you
or your consultants are recording on the fly. Anything with external batteries requires
extra steps in preparing to record (making sure they have batteries, are turned on, etc),
especially if you’ll be working where odd-sized batteries are expensive and hard to get.

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